Gahar Lake is a highland Lake located between Azna Eshteran kooh in Lorestan province of Iran with 2350 meter height from the sea level. This lake is in the protected area of Azna Eshteran kooh. The lake is famous to the Eshteran kooh Negin that is in large extent remain away from the destruction and pollution of the human due to the lack of the driveway. About 70,000 tourists drawn to visit this area annually.
Geographical location of Gahar Lake
Gahar contains 2 parts: 1. Large Gahar 2. Small Gahar .
Large Gahar Contains about 1700 meters long 400-800 meters wide and 4 to 28 meters depth.
The shore of this lake instead of entry (the west side) and in front of it (East Side) that has sandy beach is appropriate for the swim, the other parts of the shore are rocky and they are not suitable for the swim. There is a becoming extinct dense forest in the bottom of the lake. There is also an Endangered dense forest in the top of the Gohar Lake. From the top, the atmospheric water pours into the lake which it is the continues to the another lake. Large lake has 40 minutes distance with small Gohar Lake . It has low depth and with the little care, the people can see the seabed fish.
The inflow water of this lake is 10 cubic feet per second and the outflow water of this lake is 20 cubic feet per second. The increased volume of water in the lower parts of the lake is the reason of lots of water on the outflow part of the lake. The main supply water of the Lake which has a very cool blue color , crystal clear, with a place full of gravel or rubble is through the entrance river (Tapleh river) that is without loss and with a bit of momentum go into the small lake and after the little distance it will go to the Gohar. The best time to go to this Lake is July and August because all the way is covered with colored anemones and tulips. This region is located within the Azna province that more than the lakes this region has over 4000 meters peaks.
Precipitation in the region
The precipitation in the Gohar Region is about 933 mm rainfall annually that most of it are in the form of the snow and in the season that snow rainfall is a lot the level of the lake is iced.
Vegetation of the forest contains Trees of oak , willow , almond , pistachio, wild , wild pear , sycamore , elm , oak, oak , walnut , fig , ash , apple , hawthorn , Arjan, near Mesquite, pomegranate , tamarisk and wild hair. Flowers: Fritillaria , anemone , iris and tulip wild pigweed and Akhtarare.
Gohar Lake is suitable habitat for fish and other wild animals. Azna Oshtoran kooh protected region with diverse wildlife includes animals such as goats, sheep, deer, overall, leopards, wolves, wild boar, brown bears, hyenas, foxes, jackals, rabbits and a variety of birds such as eagle, partridge, hawk, Tyhv and fish such as eel, turtle back, frog and rainbow trout and red spots live on the lake’s environment.
Most Europeans and explores , knows this lake as Iran lake and this cognitive is from introduction of the English woman Isabella Lucy Byshvp that in 1890 she had researched about this region for 3 months and had rallied for 1 KM, but according to historical documents the first person who discovered the lake was an Austrian geologist who in 1888 succeed to put his name in the history as the discover of Gohar Lake . He was moved from the highlands Ashtara AZNA When he discovered the lake. The first and oldest documentary image from the lake was produced by to a French traveler named Jean-Jacques Dvmrgantlq in 1891.
Gohar is Likely available in the event of the large earthquake. The lake is located on the main fault of today Zagros, therefore , probably it consists due to the fault and event of a landslide rockfall.
Access to Gahar Lake
Access to this lake is available through Azna, Aligudarz, and Dorud provinces that the short way to access to this Lake is Azna province way that it needs to have little primary information about the mountain climbing.
- From the Azna 1 hour walk
- From the Aligudarz 2 hours walk
- From the Dorud 5 Hours walk