Persian Traditional Medicine (Virtual Attari)

Iranian Herbs and Spices and Their Properties

With the beginning of twentieth century and the start of the western colonist partite attacks and colonizing East, Apothecary has been one of the issues which has affected. In neo-colonialism culture, Apothecary Knowledge was not scientific and it was in the category of Exorcism, Augury, and things like these. These Partite attacks could fade herbal therapy, but it never destroyed it. Because original east Herbal therapy had a long lasting tradition and its roots were in centuries & ages, since it had been accepted as a secondary habit. It was handy and accessible for everyone and it was not challenging the family’s economy.

Herbal therapy is a method in which, after medical examinations and Diagnosis have been done, herbal elements are used, based on their effective elements and their properties, to eliminate the symptoms of the disease. This way is the same as new medical methods which attack the symptoms of diseases and try to remove them.

There are 8000 kinds of Herbals in Iran that more than 2300 of them are in the field of Medicinal and Aromatic usages, and from which 450 kind are on sale in the Apothecaries throughout Iran. Distillates are from the most common usages of the plants. Today we have more than 40 kinds of plants from which we get extract and use them in Medical usages.


In fact these Medical distillates are the essence, smell, or perfume of the plants which are mixed with water. They are aromatic drugs that their smells can stimulates the olfactory nerve receptors and affect the construction process of body temperature Hormones, metabolism, the level of stress and sex Hormones, the immune system, thoughts and physical and emotional behaviors.

These  Aromatic substances that there are more in the oil of remedial plants cause certain psychological moods through brain stimulation and the secretion of neurotransmitters, so they generate a sense of health, gratification, spree, and happiness  in person. These smells can somewhat reduce stress and pain and balance the emotions. From the commonly used extracts are Rose water, Mint extract, Citrus aurantium, and Musk willow sweat.

In this part of the site you have access to the list of most important productions of Apothecary in which you can search and buy any of them.

Persian Traditional Medicine

Irani-tebb or Irani Traditional Medicine, also called Tebb e Sonnati is one of famous forms of traditional medicine which is grounded in the four humours concept: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (Ṣafrā’) and Black bile (Saudā’). Some traditional medicine forms are in this base. Unani and Graeco-Arabic are the most famous of that. It is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates and Roman physician Galen, and developed by Rhazes, Avicenna (Ibn Sena) into an elaborate medical system.

The old medical system was developed by a number of nations. Irani-tebb, although often presumed as part of Unani medicine because of a great overlap between these two, still is a separate tradition with roots further in the ancient Iranian and Indian past.

The practice and study of medicine in Persia has a long and prolific history. The Iranian academic centers like Gundeshapur University (3rd century AD) were a breeding ground for the union among great scientists from different civilizations. These centers successfully followed their predecessors’ theories and greatly extended their scientific research through history.

In recent years, some experimental studies have indeed evaluated medieval Iranian medical remedies using modern scientific methods. These studies raised the possibility of revival of traditional treatments on the basis of evidence-based medicine.


Persian Traditional Medicine


One of the main roles played by medieval Iranian scholars in the scientific field was the conservation, consolidation, coordination and development of ideas and knowledge in ancient civilizations. Some Iranian Hakim (practitioners) such as Muhammad ibn Zakariya ar-Razi, known to the West as Rhazes, and Ibn Sina, better known as Avicenna, were not only responsible for accumulating all the existing information on medicine of the time, but adding to this knowledge by their own astute observations, experimentation and skills. “Qanoon fel teb of Avicenna” (“The Canon”) and “Kitab al-hawi of Razi” (“Continens”) were among the central texts in Western medical education from the 13th to the 18th centuries.

In the 14th century, the Persian language medical work Tashrih al-badan (Anatomy of the body), by Mansur ibn Ilyas (c. 1390), contained comprehensive diagrams of the body’s structural, nervous and circulatory systems.

Ancient Iranian Medicine, the basic knowledge of four humours as a healing system, was developed by Hakim Ibn Sina (known as Avicenna in the west) in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicine.